If you know little about physics, you'd need to start with a
General Physics text to learn the fundamentals. I'd recommend:
"Physics for Scientists and Engineers with Modern Physics" Volumes I & II by Serway and Beichner
Once you have mastered general physics, you can then dip into each division of physics more specifically. Here is a list of undergraduate physics texts I'd recommend by their division:
Classical Mechanics: "Classical Mechanics" by Taylor
Electromagnetism: "Introduction to Electrodynamics" by Griffiths*
Introductory Quantum Mechanics / Atomic Physics: "Quantum Physics of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei and Particles" by Eisberg and Resnick
Circuits: "An Introduction to Modern Electronics" by Faissler
Thermal Physics: "An Introduction to Thermal Physics" by Schroeder
Nuclei / Particles: "Introduction to Nuclear and Particle Physics" by Das and Ferbel
Intermediate Quantum Mechanics: "Principles of Quantum Mechanics" by Shankar
(this is usually a graduate-level book, but I find it MUCH better than its undergraduate rival "Introduction to Quantum Mechanics" by Griffiths)
Special Relativity: "Special Relativity" by French
Data Analysis: "An Introduction to Error Analysis" by Taylor
Of course, all physics texts will assume you have a solid working knowledge of mathematics (especially calculus I, II, & III, linear algebra, ordinary differential equations, and partial differential equations). I'd recommend:
Calculus I, II, & III: "Calculus: Early Transcendentals" by Stewart
Introductory Linear Algebra: "Elementary Linear Algebra: A Matrix Approach" by Spence, Insel, and Friedberg
Ordinary Differential Equations: "Elementary Differential Equations" by Boyce and DiPrima
Partial Differential Equations: "Partial Differential Equations: An Introduction" by Strauss
*I have serious reservations about recommending any of Griffiths' undergraduate texts, despite their notorious popularity. You can check out my gripes about him in a previous post:
forum/viewtopic.php?p=1489&highlight=#1489
If you can bear through what I have discussed in that post, then his Intro to Electrodynamics book does present a strong and solid foundation of the material. If you absolutely cannot, then you'd be better to find an alternative textbook on the subject matter (though sadly, few decent ones exist at the undergraduate level).
Anyway, everyone has their own taste and preference in which textbooks they like. These are just my suggestions. Hope this helps. ^_^