Rotational power = torque*angular velocity? - Problem with units

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aberrant
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Joined: Fri Oct 12, 2018 2:12 am

Rotational power = torque*angular velocity? - Problem with units

Postby aberrant » Mon Oct 15, 2018 10:16 am

I set up an experiment with a pendulum swinging on a hinge and the hinge attached to a small PMDC generator.

The generator has no load attached and its output voltage is proportional to its speed of rotation.

I swung the pendulum from 90 degrees and using a data logger I recorded the voltage of the generator (at 100 samples / second).

I approximated the output voltage (and thus speed) to a decaying sine wave.

To calculate mechanical rotating power using torque and angular velocity, can I simply multiply the instantaneous equations for both, or do I need to somehow do a dot product?

The equations are shown below including the units. I've clearly gone wrong some where since I end up with watts*radians^2.

(The units on the graph are not accurate because I've compressed/stretched various values so they nicely fit onto the same scale)

Image
Image

Interesting, I ran another test with a resistive load attached to the generator. Max power occurs at max voltage which occurs at max speed of rotation.

This maximum output electrical power actually occurs when there is apparently zero mechanical input power.

How can this be? Obviously the pendulum has the most angular momentum at the base of the swing. Is it that I'm not taking into account the rotor inertia (which in this case is so small it seems to barely effect the dynamics of the swing).

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Nishikata
Posts: 41
Joined: Sun Sep 23, 2018 6:37 am

Re: Rotational power = torque*angular velocity? - Problem with units

Postby Nishikata » Thu Oct 18, 2018 9:08 am

You should not proceed with any calculations when you realize that the units do not make sense.
In order to make a better guess on the relation between quantities, look at the definition of the quantities.
For example, "Power" is the rate of change of energy over time, so you should take rotational energy formula and take first time derivative of that expression to get "rotational power".




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